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Preparation of Land for Proper Roses Cultivation

Roses have a huge demand in domestic and overseas in the world. Children, adults and all lovers are love to roses. Today there is even one rose plant as a houseplant or even a plastic bush. Normally, to work with roses need a good calm mind and should have a good attention to it.

To grow roses in your home garden or commercially should be kept a good attention to it. So then you can make it as you wish and suit the environment. As growing other house plants, there should have a good knowledge in the preparation of land and the soil conditions that suitable to grow roses. Especially a soil with a good drainage and somewhat acidic soil is better to grow roses. Normally roses can grow in beds and also in decorative pots as a pot plant. If we are going to make beds it should be done according to the soil condition.

For planting, roses need a pit with 1½-2 feet depth and width. After that, we have to make good drainage conditions. So we can make the bed like a heap by heaping the soil. So it is a raised bed and easy to drainage. To make this bed need to use this special mixture. Topsoil: 1, partially decomposed Leaves: 1, cow dung (well decomposed): ½, sand: ½.
When planting roses it should be done parallel to the long side and should have to keep space among the rows. In here for bush type roses 1x1x1 feet space, for climbing roses 10x10x10 feet space, for hybrid tea roses 1½ x 1½ x 1½ space and for floribunda and knockout roses 2 x 2 x ½ space is recommended.

Planting of roses is somewhat difficult. Planting should be done by avoiding breaking of roots. After 4 months of planting, prune the plant and facilitate to grow to the healthy shoots. It is very important adding fertilizer during the growing and flowering stages in twice per week.

If you are in a tropical country, the best month to start roses planting in September. To pant roses, you can use clay or cement pots as you wish. First clean the pot well and should have a hole beneath the pot. It will be facilitated a good drainage. After that, you have to add below mixture. Loam soil: 1, partially decomposed Leaves: 1/3, decomposed cow dung: ½, sand: 1/3, wood ash: 1/6. Before adding this mixture you have to keep a small concave tile or something to avoid the disturbance of the drainage hole.

Propagation of Roses

It is very important to know methods to propagate roses. There are many methods to propagate roses they are; 

1.Propagation by seeds
2. by layering
3. By stem cuttings
4. Budding  

Propagation by seed is very rare. It is mainly used to make hybrid plants. Any way we can practice it. But the success tare is between 10-20%.  

How to propagate roses by seeds?

In here first, we have to pollinate the rose flowers.to do that should be selected unopened hermaphrodite mature rose flower/s. after choosing them carefully removes the petals. Next, need to collect the anthers carefully by using a small brush or stick. This process called emasculation. Stay 2-3 days until stigma receptive. Then apply the collected pollen on the stigmatic surface and cover it with a transparent polythene to avoid the cross-pollination. The hips will be matured within 2-3 months. After that split opens them and collects the seeds. The rose seeds must be kept in 4C0 for 2-3 weeks for stratification. After that, the rose seeds are kept on moist coir dust to germinate. Keep them around 20C0 to germinate. If success seedlings available within 3 weeks.

Roses Propagation by layering

To do this practice use mature rose stems near to the soil. The leaves in the stem must be removed up to 2 feet from the soil surface. A cut shout is added at the opposite side of the shoot that needs to have roots. This cut should not be contacted. So insert a small rock piece into it. After that put moist coir dust on it and cover it with black polythene and tied it well.

After 4-6 months it will be rooted. After that, it can be removed from the mother plant.
Some roses species can be propagated easily.   Stem cuttings with 9 inches long prefer to this and the part underneath the soil should be at least ½ inch from the shoot. These stem cuttings should be put in water and plant them parallel to the bed.

Before plant them need to apply fungicide on cut surfaces and should be added water after planting. After 4 months these cuttings are well rooted and adapted to the environment. So they can be planted anywhere you wanted. If those methods are not the success you can do it by budding. Mostly use T budding to propagate roses.

T budding or inverted T budding are preferred to do this. In rainy seasons inverted T budding is better than T budding. It is protected by entering of water.


Making of Propagation Media and Fertilization for Roses

There are many kinds of media. But I recommend using this one for roses. As the propagation media in rose cultivation, red yellow podsolic soil: 1 and sand: 1 mixture is better.

rose trees on fieldWe can use organic fertilizers and also chemical fertilizer for the rose plants. If we use organic fertilizer or compost, first we have to add them around the plant and cover it using the growing media. In additionally we can use N: P: K fertilizer mixture. For that ammonium sulfate: 2, Triple superphosphate: 2, Murate of potash: 1 (2:2:1) mixture can be used. 5 grams per plant is enough. They should be added 5-6 inch beyond around the tree. After that mix them with the soil and add water. In the flowering stage this N: P: K mixture must be must be changed as (3:4:1). In additionally you can use organic liquid fertilizer. It is important to add the first fertilizer mixture after pruning. It is easy to add fertilizer after pruning and within 2 months flowers could have. If have a dry season you can add mulching or biochar to enhance the resistivity to drought conditions. Remove the weeds and facilitate a good environment to grow it and enjoy with your rose bush.

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