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Begonia propagation is an easy task, but most of them don't know how properly propagate begonia. Most of them think it is possible only via stem cuttings. Actually, you can make new plantlets from stem cuttings, but the easiest way to make plantlets is through leaf cuttings. Because it is profitable and you can get more plantlets. This is not only for begonia plants. You can also use this method for African violet and any other plant leaves that can be propagated by leaves. We can cut begonia leaf into different parts like described in the bellow. Actually, you don't have any waste of leaves.

Medium for Begonia Propagation

The medium for Begonia propagation should consist of 2.5 mm sized leaf mold 1 and sand 1. Then middle-aged or semi-matured Begonia plant's leaves should use to propagation. Leaves can mainly separate into 3 parts like below.

Begonia Propagation by leave parts

  • Rounded shape cuttings with stalk

A rounded shape cut is made around the stalk. The stalk has to be 1-1½ inch long and then it should treat with a fungicide paste and insert into 5 inches sized polythene bags filled with the medium. Finally, you should add water and keep in a 50% shady place. In here you can use a shade net or polytunnel.

  • “V” shape cuttings

After making rounded shape cuttings, you can make “V” shape cutting using the remaining leaf parts with veins. You have to treat cut surfaces with a fungicide paste and plant in 5-inch size polythene pots. (you can use any suitable containers to plant) Finally, you should water them and keep in a shady place.

  • Plug tray method / Third part cuttings


The remaining pieces of begonia plant's leaves cut into sections and pot in plug trays with the above medium. Finally, apply water and keep in a shady place.

Begonia Propagation by leave parts
Begonia propagation by leaves 



  • Tray pot / Single leaf with vain cuttings

This is the highest production method of propagation of Begonia plants by using leaves. This method can use to obtain a large number of begonia plantlets, than other methods.

I recommend you to choose a clay pot with one feet width and 10 cm in height. And also the bottom of the pot should arrange using concaved tile pieces to facilitate a better drainage. You can use any convenient pot as you need. but choose a one bigger than the leaf. Then a layer of dried leaves should apply on that, and the medium is filled up to 3/4 height of the pot.

A small hole should prepare on the medium and the stalk should insert into the medium. You can use Iron clips to fix or attach the leaf on to the medium as I did in the picture. Then small cuts should make across the veins. Next clips should apply to both sides of the cuttings. Normally, around 10 - 15 cuts can make on one leaf.


After that, the pot should keep in a water bath and cover with a glass. Covering with a glass make a small propagator condition and it will help to root formation. In here, you don't need to add water. Then, it should keep under 50% shades and 70% temperature to obtain plantlets. After 1-1½ months new plantlets emerge and you can remove the glass. Then, small plantlets have grown up to the size of 5-5½ inch, and they should be separated, and re-pot in a 5-inch polythene bag with the same medium above that I mentioned. African violet plantlets can be produced using this method and it gets more than 3 months.



Preparation of tray pot for begonia propagation

                                                                      Preparation of tray pot for begonia propagation


This is the brief guide for begonia propagation by using their leaves. Practice it and ask anything. Comments are welcome

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