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anthurium plant care

Anthurium flower is a popular tropical cut flower. It is growing in many countries commercially for the export market and also for the local market. Anyhow, this is a common indoor plant. There are many color variations in flowers including red, purple, orange and green. So, many people love to grow this plant. Growing a plant is not an easy task without knowing proper caring practices. In here we are giving a full anthurium plant care guide for you. Hence, after reading this, I can guarantee you will know every general anthurium plant care practices. Before learning them, here is a little introduction to anthurium plant.

The plant belongs to the family Araceae. It is originated in the Latin American region. But now it is growing in many countries. The plant is epiphytic, but some varieties are terrestrial. Furthermore, as an indoor plant, anthurium is a good plant for air purification. Many researchers have proven this. So, keeping an anthurium plant in your room is a good move. Anthurium andraeanum and Anthurium scherzerianum varieties are mostly used as pot plants and cut flowers. Also, we can use flowers and leaves for decoration purposes.

In this article:

1.Structure of Anthurium Flower
2.Preparation of Growing Medium for Anthurium Plant
3.Repotting of Anthurium Plant
4.Propagation of Anthurium Plant
5.Artificial Pollination of Anthurium Flower
6.Propagation of Anthurium using Seeds
7.Preparation of the Secondary Nursery
8.Vegetative Propagation of Anthurium Plant
9.Cultural Practices of Bed Cultivation for a Better Anthurium Plant Care
10.Fertilizer Requirement of Anthurium Plant
11.Identification of Pests and Diseases in Anthurium Plant Cultivation

Structure of Anthurium Flower

anthurium plant care
Anthurium flower consists in several parts. Spathe, spadix, and stalk are the main parts of it. When these three together we call it an anthurium flower. But is it true? Is this the anthurium flower? No!

Actually, there are tiny flowers on the spadix. See the picture. They are the actual flowers. They consist of male and female parts. The spathe is a kind of sepal. It has converted into a colorful structure to attract the insects. After pollination berries emerge on the spadix. Berries have one or two seeds. Furthermore, you can make an anthurium seedbed to provide germination facility. Let's read general anthurium plant care practices.

Preparation of Anthurium Potting Mix
For a better anthurium plant care, the growing medium is very important. There are different growing media for anthurium. But in here, I am recommending the below-growing media. This is a tested growing media and it has proven a better growth. To make the mixture of growing media take the portions of Leaf mold 2: Sand ½: bricks pieces ½ and dried Cattle manure: 1. Use a shovel to mix them properly. If you can't find cattle manure, use compost instead of that. This growing media can use for small and adult plants. Also, you can use sand ½: coconut husk chips: 2 as a growing media. 
anthurium plant care
a.bricks pieces b.Leaf mold & cattle manure c.Sand

Repotting of Anthurium Plant

A root bound or overgrown plant needs a repot practice. This is an important anthurium plant care practice for a better growth. In here, you have to remove the plant from the existing pot. If it has unwanted leaves and roots, remove them all. Changing the pot is not only the advantage of anthurium repotting. Because we can get 3 vegetative parts to make new plantlets. In here, we can separate the plant into top cuttings, stem cuttings, and buds.

Before repotting these parts, it is very important to make fungicide treatment on cut surfaces of all parts. When you are doing a repotting, you have to choose a larger pot. Because the plant is larger than the previous one. So, it needs a larger space to grow. Next, use the growing medium to fill the pot up to 1/4. After that, place the top cutting at the center of the pot and fill 3/4 of the pot by using the growing medium. Be careful not to cover the neck/crown of the plant.  You can also place the stem cuttings around the plant in the pot until they produce plantlets. Replace them after emerging for a suitable pot or bed. Finally, apply a fungicide solution until they drain out from the bottom of the pot. If necessary, apply water and place in a shady place.

Propagation of Anthurium Plant

To make new plantlets, Anthurium propagation is very important. There are 2 main propagation methods, as we know vegetative propagation and sexual propagation. In vegetative propagation, we can use stem cuttings, axillary shoots or suckers and we can make anthurium seeds via artificial pollination. Seedlings are not suitable for commercial cultivation. Because the characters may vary. But new varieties can be developed through hybridization. But in your home garden, you can practice anything that you need. Let's see how to pollinate anthurium.

Artificial Pollination of Anthurium Flower

Pollination happens naturally. But doing artificial pollination, we can get more seeds and prevent cross-pollination. Prevention of cross-pollination is a good anthurium plant care practice in plant breeding.

anthurium plant care
Steps of Pollination
video description to pollinate
First of all, we have to select suitable matured male and female flowers for pollination. The male flower’s pollens shed after 14 – 21 days after the opening of the flower. After that powder like pollen can observe on the spadix. Also, the female flower, stigma becomes receptive after 7 – 10 days unfurling of the spathe and producing sticky substances on the spadix. In here, we have to collect powder like pollen from the male flower's spadix. Next, they apply on the sticky receptive spadix of the female flower with help of a brush. Finally, the pollinated spadix needs to cover by a polythene. It avoids unknown crossings. Those steps need to carry out 3 – 4 times within a week for successful pollination and seed formation.

Propagation of Anthurium using Seeds

Read how to make a seedbed.
anthurium plant care
Preparation of Seedbed

Preparation of the Secondary Nursery

Preparation of secondary nursery is another anthurium plant care practice. After 4 - 5 months, seedlings introduce into a secondary nursery. Seedlings pulled out from the seedbed. Next, the seedlings categorize according to the size of the plant like well-grown healthy seedlings, medium-sized seedlings, and small seedlings. Well grown healthy seedlings plant in 8-inch diameter polythene bag. Next, the medium-sized seedlings plant in 5-inch diameter polythene bags/pots. Finally, Unhealthy small seedlings introduce to the secondary nursery.

To make the secondary nursery, use a 10-inch diameter shallow pot. Next, a layer of rocks and concave tiles place at the bottom of the pan. The tile layer cover with a layer of decaying leaves. Then the pan fills by an anthurium potting mixture. Leave a space of about one inch from the top of the pan. Then the small plantlets plant at a 1-inch distance in the pot. Finally, it should be kept in a shady place. Don't forget to add water.

anthurium plant care
Preparation of the secondary nursery

Vegetative Propagation of Anthurium Plant 

To make new anthurium plantlets, vegetative propagation is the easiest way. Anthurium plant vegetatively propagates by using stem cuttings, suckers, and tissue cultured plants. In here, I am describing those vegetative parts and how to make plantlets from those parts. Vegetatively propagated plants show the same characters of the mother plant. So, if you have a favorite color of anthurium, you can use these methods to make them easier.

01. Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings can prepare by cutting the basal portion of plants into 2-inch sized sections. Each cutting should contain at least a single active bud. These cuttings need to treat with a suitable fungicide. Then partially buried in a mixture of coarse river sand and leaf mold in a bed or shallow pot with 2 x 2-inch spaces. After 1-2 months you can get plantlets. Don't forget to add water adequately.

02. Suckers

Suckers produced by mother plant. They are also good for planting materials but, one mother plant produces only 2-3 suckers per year. These suckers need to remove from the mother plant. Next, treat by a suitable fungicide. Finally, plant in a suitable pot within anthurium potting mix that mentioned above.

03. Tissue Cultured Anthurium Plants

Tissue cultured Plants obtain by micropropagation technique. This technic use to have a large number of plants from a part of the plant. In here we can use new leaves for micropropagation. If you have the knowledge and facilities you can do tissue culture.

Cultural Practices of Bed Cultivation for a Better Anthurium Plant Care

Gardening is not only planting of plants. We need to maintain them. In here I am describing how to maintain anthurium beds.  First of all weeds and debris should remove. Then yellowing leaves and old flowers should also remove from the selected plants. Next, use a hand fork to lose the soil. Additionally, provide support for plants by staking. Then “Osmocot” or suitable anthurium fertilizer (10:11:18), a slow release N: P: K fertilizer need to apply. Use 5-10 grams per plant. Next, the beds filled with leaf mold layer. Finally add water adequately.

Fertilizer Requirement of Anthurium Plant

In different growing stages, plants need a different amount of N: P: K ratios. Small seedlings need more nitrogen, growing plants need similar ratios; flowering plants need more potassium amount in those stages. In additionally you can add compost or vermicompost to provide micronutrients.
anthurium plant care

Use below fertilizer products for your plants

In Seedlings stage - shop here
For growing plants - shop here
Use for Flowering plants - shop here

Identification of Pests and Diseases in Anthurium Plant Cultivation

There are many pests and diseases attacks for anthurium plant. to obtain a good healthy plant, we need to prevent these damages. As a gardener, we should have a good knowledge of pest and diseases to control them. So we have to identify them clearly before treating them. In here I am discussing the major pest and diseases for anthurium plant. This part is very important to have a good anthurium plant care.

01. Mealy Bugs and Scales

anthurium plant care
They can identify as white powdery masses and brownish patches. Normally, these patches show the underside of the plant leaves and flowers. Therefore, the application of pressurized water and pesticides like Admire, Actar can be practiced as the control measures.

02. Slugs and Snails

anthurium plant care
Slugs and snails become a common problem in compost and coconut husk based media. Because there are dark places and debris. It is favorable to hide and spread of them. They can damage leaves and flowers by eating. To control them we can use paddy husk. In here, spread paddy husk on the field. Because paddy husk hurts the body of them. So, they avoid traveling through them. Also, a Salt and coir dust mixture can use around the field. If the damage is severing use a pesticide.
Ex: – Snail baits

03. Thrips

anthurium plant care
Thrip attack can identify as tiny spots and pours. Mainly the plant's leaves and immature flowers attack by thrips. In here, we can use Basudine and Dizinone like pesticides as control measures. Also, the high temperature is favorable to spread of thrips. So it is important to control the temperature. If your plant is in a pot, you can keep it inside the home. Use a shady net for outdoor plants in a bed.  Also, you can hang sticky traps to control them. It is easy to make homemade sticky traps by using yellow or blue color polythene after applying grease on them. This will act as a trap to stick them.

04. Mites

anthurium plant care
The Mites attack on Anthurium plant's leaves and flowers. This damage shows as irregular white color patches on leaves and the edge of the leaves shrivel. The higher temperature favorable for spreading of mites. So, make sure to control the temperature between 22-27 Celsius.
To prevent mite attack, we can spray high-pressure water or 80% Sulfur on to the plant. Make this solution by dissolving one ounce of 80% Sulfur in a liter of water. If the damage is severe, use Abamectin, Zoro like pesticides. There are many brands to control mites. But carefully check whether it contains sulfur or not. Because the active agent is sulfur.

05. Sun burning

anthurium plant care
This happens due to exposure to direct sunlight. The plant's leaves and flowers burn in direct sunlight. This problem can easily overcome by providing optimum shade conditions. This is not a huge problem for anthurium as an indoor plant. But outdoor beds should be protected by providing a shade net.

06. Damping off

anthurium plant care
This disease occurs due to waterlogging condition and poor aeration in the growth medium. As symptoms, we can see rotten or wilted roots and leaves. To prevent this issue, we need to facilitate a good aeration by losing and mixing the growing medium. As this is a fungal disease, we can treat by a fungicide like Captan, Thiram, and Metalaxyl to control this.

07. Bacterial Leaf Blight

anthurium plant care
This disease happens due to Xanthomonas bacteria. They enter the plant through wounds. Symptoms show as yellowing of leaves, drying of yellowed areas. Finally, complete drying of plants can be identified as a prominent symptom. Hence, this is the worst disease in anthuriums. So, it is very important to identify this disease and prevention it. To prevent the disease, strict sanitation, uprooting, and burning of infected plants are the recommendation. In additionally, in a severe damage, use “Peranox” in 4g/l of water and apply them with a 4 - 6 months interval.

Finally, we can understand anthurium plant care is not such an easy task. Especially as a houseplant, it needs a good care. It needs a protection from pest and diseases. If not we can't control the health and beauty of the plant. Therefore, learning about the plant and its unique caring practices help to maintain a quality plant.

So this is the complete guide for anthurium plant care from floriculture care. Please don't forget to comment below. We can discuss more. Happy reading!

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