Tuesday, September 15, 2015

Roses Care and Maintenance [Full Guide]

Preparation of Land for Proper Roses Cultivation Roses have a huge demand in domestic and overseas in the world. Children, adult... thumbnail 1 summary


Preparation of Land for Proper Roses Cultivation

Roses have a huge demand in domestic and overseas in the world. Children, adults and all lovers are love to roses. Today there is even one rose plant as a house plant or even a plastic bush. Normally, to work with roses need a good calm mind and should have a good attention on it.

To grow roses in your home garden or commercially, should be kept a good attention on it. So then you can make it as you wish and to suit to the environment. As growing other house plants, there should have a good knowledge on preparation of land and the soil conditions that suitable to grow roses. Especially a soil with a good drainage and somewhat acidic soil is better to grow roses. Normally roses can grow in beds and also in decorative pots as a pot plant. If we are going to make beds it should be done according to the soil condition.

To planting roses need a pit with 1½-2 feet depth and width. After that we have to make good drainage conditions. So we can make the bed like a heap by heaping the soil. So it is a raised bed and easy to drainage. To make this bed need to use this especial mixture. Top sol: 1, partially decomposed Leaves: 1, cow dung (well decomposed): ½, sand: ½.
When planting roses it should be done parallel to long side and should have to keep space among the rows. In here for bush type roses 1x1x1 feet space, for climbing roses 10x10x10 feet space, for hybrid tea roses 1½ x 1½ x 1½ space and for floribunda and knockout roses 2 x 2 x ½ space is recommended.

Planting of roses are somewhat difficult. Planting should be done by avoiding breaking of roots. After 4 month of planting, prune the plant and facilitate to grow to the healthy shoots. It is very important adding fertilizer during the growing and flowering stages in twice per week.

If you are in a tropical country, the best month to start roses planting is September. To pant roses you can use clay or cement pots as you wish. First clean the pot well and should have a hole beneath the pot. It will be facilitated a good drainage. After that you have to add below mixture. Loam soil: 1, partially decomposed Leaves: 1/3, decomposed cow dung: ½, sand: 1/3, wood ash: 1/6. Before add this mixture you have to keep a small concave tile or something to avoid the disturbance of the drainage hole.

Propagation of Roses

It is very important to know methods to propagate roses. There are many methods to propagate roses they are; 

1.Propagation by seeds
2. by layering
3. By stem cuttings
4. Budding  

Propagation by seed is very rare. It is mainly use to make hybrid plants. Anyway we can practice it. But the success tare is between 10-20%.  

How to propagate roses by seeds?

In here first we have to pollinate the rose flowers.to do that should be selected unopened hermaphrodite mature rose flower/s. after choosing them carefully removes the petals. Next, need to collect the anthers carefully by using a small brush or stick. This process called as emasculation. Stay 2-3 days until stigma receptive. Then apply the collected pollen on stigmatic surface and cover it with a transparent polythene to avoid the cross pollination. The hips will be matured within 2-3 months. After that split open them and collect the seeds. The rose seeds must be kept in 4C0 for 2-3 weeks for stratification. After that the rose seeds are kept on moist coir dust to germinate. Keep them around 20C0 to germinate. If success seedlings available within 3 weeks.

Roses Propagation by layering

To do this practice use mature rose stems near to the soil. The leaves in the stem must be removed up to 2 feet from soil surface. A cut shout be added at the opposite site of the shoot that need to have roots. This cut should not be contacted. So insert a small rock piece into it. After that put moist coir dust on it and cover it with black polythene and tied it well.

After 4-6 months it will be rooted. After that it can be removed from the mother plant.
Some roses species can be propagated easily.   Stem cuttings with 9 inches long is prefer to this and the part underneath the soil should be at least ½ inch from the shoot. These stem cuttings should be put in water and plant them parallel to the bed.

Before plant them need to apply fungicide on cut surfaces and should be added water after planting. After 4 month these cuttings are well rooted and adapted to the environment. So they can be planted anywhere you wanted. If those methods are not success you can do it by budding. Mostly use T budding to propagate roses.

T budding or inverted T budding are prefer to do this. In rainy seasons inverted T budding is better than T budding. It is protected by entering of water.


Making of Propagation Media and Fertilization for Roses

There are many kind of media. But I am recommend to use this one for roses. As the propagation media in rose cultivation, red yellow podsolic soil: 1 and sand: 1 mixture is better.

knockout rosesWe can use organic fertilizers and also chemical fertilizer to the rose plants. If we use organic fertilizer or compost, first we have to add them around the plant and cover it using the growing media. In additionally we can use N: P: K fertilizer mixture. For that ammonium sulphate: 2, Triple super phosphate: 2, Murate of potash: 1 (2:2:1) mixture can be used. 5 grams per plant is enough. They should be added 5-6 inch beyond around the tree. After that mix them with the soil and add water. In the flowering stage this N: P: K mixture must be must be change as (3:4:1). In additionally you can use organic liquid fertilizer. It is important to add first fertilizer mixture after pruning. It is easy to add fertilizer after pruning and within 2 months flowers could be have. If have a dry season you can add mulching or biochar to enhance the resistivity to drought conditions. Remove the weeds and facilitate good environment to grow it and enjoy with your rose bush.