Full width home advertisement

Farming technology

Popular Articles

Post Page Advertisement [Top]

red gerbera daisy flower

Gerbera is a beautiful flower. There are many gerbera daisy colors variations and so many people love this flower. Before learning about gerbera daisy care, I like to give a brief introduction to the history of gerbera. Gerbera jamesonii belongs to the Asteraceae family. The scientific name has created by using two names of scientist to give honor for them. First one is German botanist called ‘’Traugott Gerber’’ and next person is Robert Jameson. He is the founder of gerbera plant.  J.D. Hooker was the first person that is presented a detailed description about gerbera plant.

Actually, Gerbera plant is native to Asia and South Africa region. African daisy is the common name for gerbera, in African countries. It is also called as gerbera daisy. When technology is shine, the scientists made new hybrid verities. Now we are commonly using those verities. In these days, they are useful for an ornamental plant and as a cut flower. But after hybridization, natural resistant goes down and plants become more vulnerable to pest and diseases. In this case, learning about gerbera daisy care practices are very important to make a healthy plant.

What is the Gerbera Daisy Plant?

Gerbera plant has a short stem, rhizome, and an adventitious root system as well as 10 - 12 leaflets. The flower is bisexual. The inner disk florets consist of staminate florets and pistillate florets. Also, outer disk florets are consist of petals with colors that include white, yellow, orange, red, and pink. Sometimes, the center of the flower shows black color. Gerbera plants classified according to their flower structure and shape of the flower. According to that, there are four types of flowers.

The Larger flowers called as standard gerbera. These flowers mostly used as cut flowers. Large flower and long stick are the main features. Also, small-flowered varieties named as mini gerbera. A small flower and a long stick are the main features. Normally flowers with 6 to 8cm diameters classified as mini gerbera. Standard gerbera flower has a diameter between 10 to 13cm. Next one is the spider gerbera. This flower has spiky shape petals. The last one is mid gerbera. Shorter stick with a normally sized flower is the main features. Commonly Use as a pot plant.

Climatic Requirement for Gerbera Daisy

To do a proper gerbera daisy care, we need to supply optimum environmental conditions. So, 50% of light is preferable for a better growth.  Temperature between 21 – 25ÂșC is good to have a better growth and production. When considering about soil condition it is better to use a neutral soil or a soil pH between 6.5 to 8. 70% humidity level is good for a better growth. Higher humidity encourages the fungal diseases but, 100% humidity is good at seed germination. Reduce the humidity level after germination to 70%.

Soil Preparation for a Gerbera Bed

Gerbera daisy plant has a strong fibrous root system with a rhizome. These roots are growing up to 60cm or more. In this case, deep soil preparation or deep pot is a special requirement for a better growth. If the plants grow in an outdoor garden bed, it should be a raised bed. 30cm height and the 1m width are better for bed cultivation. You can choose a length as you want. Use dry cow dung 1: compost 1: top soils ½: coir dust ½ and mix them well with the bed.

Bed's Soil Sterilization

To have a better gerbera daisy care, soil sterilization is very important before planting. Harmful fungus, bacteria or nematodes can destroy gerbera daisies seeds and plantlets. Using a sterilized media, we can avoid those problems for a better gerbera daisy care. There are many methods to sterilize a bed. We recommend solar sterilization, burning or hot water treatment as an organic remedy. In solar sterilization, we can use transparent polythene or a floating row cover to cover the bed. We need to add water to the bed before cover it. When we keep the bed 1-2 weeks, inside temperature increased and germs will be destroyed. Inside is feeling like a greenhouse.

You can also practice slow burning. First, you need to bury 5 potatoes in the bed. Use one in the middle and others in the corners. We are going to use them as indicators to check the sterilization condition. Spread 1'' layer of paddy husk on the bed. Next use a layer of hay on that. Make a few layers like this and spread some water on that, but don't add more. Fire the bottom layer of paddy husk. Slow burning makes a good sterilization. Check the potatoes after burning. If they boiled, the bed is in a good sterilization condition.

Hot water treatment is especially good to kill nematodes. just pour hot water on the bed and they will die. You can also use jeevamurtham. it will help to grow beneficial microbes. The final recommendation is a chemical treatment. Use any fungicide, nematocide.

Ex: - Thiram, Captan, Captafol

Propagation of Gerbera Daisy

There are several methods to propagate gerbera daisy plant including sexual and asexual propagation methods. In vegetative/asexual propagation, we can use plantlets, suckers, stem, rhizome cuttings and tissue culture. Tissue culture is a better solution for large-scale production. but, in your home garden, you can use other methods easily.

we can use gerbera seeds for sexual propagation. by using artificial pollination/cross-pollination we can also make seeds. Morning time is the best to make pollination. Especially, during 10 – 12 a.m. is better to pollinate. Because the stigma is sticky in the morning. After pollination avoids watering to protect the pollens by drain out.  After 14-18 days, you can get the matured seeds.

Preparation of gerbera seed bed nursery

After maturation of gerbera daisy seeds, you can collect them.  Next, you need to plant them in a seedbed. So, prepare this medium for a seedbed. It is consisting of coir dust: 1, sand: 1. the mixture sieved using a 2.5mm mesh because we need a fine medium.  Next, the medium sterilize with steam.  It will help to destroy the germs. Next, seed trays filled with the medium. Seeds sowed after treated with a fungicide solution. Next, Seeds laid on the media in upward. Next, the seed tray covered with a glass and keep in a shady place for germination. When it covers with a glass, no need to add water again. because there is no evaporation.

How to Plant Gerbera in the bed

We can plant gerbera in spring and summer. In here, you can use a raised bed that we talk in above. Use 25-35cm spacing between rows and 30cm within a row. Don't add more plants and limit the space. When they grow they will cover the space. For a better gerbera daisy care, fertilizing is very important. So, use organic fertilizers like compost and vermicompost at your first planting. You can add N: P: K in 2:1:1 ratio in the first 3 months. When it is flowering use 1:2:2 N: P: K ratio in 20 days of interval. To provide micronutrients frequently add vermicompost. In this time period, you need to do general weeding practiced. The method depends on the size of your bed. Watering should be done daily in the morning.

Pot Culture of Gerbera Daisy

gerbera daisy planting
We talked about how to plant gerbera daisy in a bed. But gerbera is also using as an indoor plant. It is important to plant them in a pot before keeping them in your home. You can use any pot as you wish. In here, I am showing you a typical way how to grow gerbera daisies in pots.

First, use an 8 inches diameter black color plastic pot and fill up to ¾ with the medium consist with dried cow dung 1: compost 1: sand: ½ top soils ½: coir dust ½. Next, use a gerbera daisy plant that is 3 -4 months old. It is better to plant at the center of the pot. Next, fill the medium by leaving a space of half an inch from the top of the pot. Don't cover the neck/crown area of the plant by the medium. After the planting, apply a fungicide solution to the pot.

How Gerbera Daisy care from Pest and diseases

There are few pests that make troubles to gerbera. In here we are giving what are the major pests and what insecticides to use to control them. For a proper gerbera daisy care, It is important to prevent pest and diseases.

Mites (Tetranychus urticae):- Mite’s damage is very high in gerbera. So, small irregular flowers occur after mite’s damage. Use 80% Sulfur or Abamectin to prevent them.

Whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum):- Whiteflies do the second most damage to gerbera. So, whiteflies do a severe damage. To prevent spray Admire (Imidacloprid) 2 times per month.

Leafminer (Liriomyza trifoli):-   To prevent the damage, use Admire as a pesticide. Spray even to the underside of the leaves for a better control.

leafminer damage in gerbera daisy

Caterpillar: - Caterpillars especially damage to flowers and leaves.  So, spray a proper insecticide (Disenol dimethyl) to control caterpillars.

caterpillar damage in yellow gerbera daisy flower

Diseases

The main diseases are fungal attacks. When considering seedling, they are vulnerable to damping off and powdery mildew and foot rot occurs in the adult stage. Use Captan or Mancozeb to prevent the damage. If you did the sterilization process well, no need to fear.
In addition, if you have any problem or suggestions with gerbera daisy care guide, please comment below.


Related Products


Bottom Ad [Post Page]

| Designed by Colorlib| Terms of Service| Privacy Policy| Sitemap